A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain that can cause a range of symptoms, including convulsions, muscle spasms, loss of consciousness, and changes in behavior or sensory experiences. Seizures can be caused by a variety of factors, including head injuries, infections, and underlying medical conditions such as epilepsy.
STEPS If someone is experiencing a seizure, it is important to provide appropriate first aid in order to prevent injury and ensure their safety. The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends the following steps for treating a seizure:
1. Stay calm and remain with the person: The most important thing you can do for someone experiencing a seizure is to remain calm and stay with them. This can help to prevent injury and provide reassurance to the person.
PROTECT 2. Protect the person from injury: Seizures can cause a person to fall or thrash about, which can lead to injuries. To prevent injury, gently move any nearby objects out of the way and cushion the person's head with a pillow or blanket. Do not try to hold the person down or put anything in their mouth.
TIME 3. Time the seizure: If possible, time the seizure to determine how long it lasts. Most seizures last less than two minutes, but if a seizure lasts longer than five minutes, it is considered a medical emergency, and emergency medical services should be called.
SAFETY 4. After the seizure, help the person to a safe place: Once the seizure has ended, help the person to a safe place, such as a bed or a couch. Provide comfort and reassurance, and monitor their breathing and level of consciousness. If the person is unconscious, roll them onto their side to prevent choking.
911 5. Call 911 if necessary: If the person is not known to have epilepsy, if the seizure lasts longer than five minutes, or if the person has multiple seizures without fully regaining consciousness in between, call 911 or other emergency medical services immediately.
Overall, providing appropriate first aid for someone experiencing a seizure can help to prevent injury and ensure their safety. Following the AHA's recommended steps can help provide the person with the care they need until medical help arrives.
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This blog is for information only. Alpha Bravo First Aid LLC is a first aid supply service and CPR training company and does not provide diagnosis or medical advice. Always consult your doctor and the manufacturer's product label for directions on how to best use first aid or medical products. This blog is not officially endorsed by the American Heart Association.